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Tuesday, November 17, 2009

Does My Child Need Therapy?

Today, it is hard to determine if you should be providing child therapy to your child. It is very difficult for parents to think that there may be a problem with their baby. After all, up until the teen years hit, they allowed you to take care of them. They told you when things were not okay. You dealt with their needs throughout their life. But, now, you need to wonder if you should be providing teen therapy for them. To really know if your child needs help, ask yourself these questions.

What has changed about my child that has me concerned? If you are worried about their physical health, there is no doubt that you would recommend that they work with a doctor, right? So, if it is their emotional health that may be a problem, you need to get them the teen therapy they need.

Does your child have problems with eating, socializing or does he have behavior problems at school? Acting out in any of these areas is not normal. If your child is having problems, especially at school, child therapy can help.

Do you know that your child is drinking, doing drugs, engaging in sex, or is depressed? If you know this is the case, there is no doubt you need to get them into teen therapy before these circumstances ruin their lives. If you know about it, then it has probably gotten far out of hand.

Do you want them to have the best ability to make the right choices? Even if you do not feel your child has any problems, teen therapy can help to encourage things to stay that way.

Child therapy can be a blessing for a child. Even if they hate it and do not want to go, it can help them to realize that you care about their well being. It will help them to know what to do and how to react in their lives. Hearing from another adult what is right or wrong helps to strengthen their understanding and their belief in you. Teen therapy should not be a punishment then, but a way to get your child to safety.

Are you concerned your teen is or may be getting out of control? If so click here to get some help from someone who has been working with frustrated parents for over 20 years!


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Wednesday, October 7, 2009

Backyard Astronomy: Why It Can Be Everybody’s Science

Whenever astronomy comes up as a topic, more often than not, people start to think of geeks beside their telescopes and numerous charts of celestial bodies that are spread out on tables. Let’s advance that imagination where we see impossible mathematical calculations that are being done to determine the exact distance of those heavenly bodies. Will astronomy ever be plain Jane’s cup of tea? Well, now, it could be through—backyard astronomy.

Astronomy is no longer just for the geniuses or straight-A students. In fact, even if you don’t have any knowledge on this branch of science, you could start everything by just having, first, interest on the subject. Next to that, at least, purchase one of those simple telescopes (if you are constrained on your budget, binoculars will do for now) that would aid you in your most recent endeavor. Lastly, go to your backyard and gaze up at the night sky. ‘See all those stars? You just made your first step towards the world of astronomy! In fact, astronomers believe that the best way to begin associating with astronomy is to look at a star-filled sky with our naked eyes.

As an amateur astronomer, it is wise to begin observing the night sky with the aid of some simple tools. Don’t even begin to think of expensive telescopes and complex ways of locating stars or any other heavenly body. It is a necessity to invest on a planisphere (in layman’s terms, a star finder that rotates) where you would be able to find any star or constellation in your zone. This can often be found in astronomy magazines.

The next best thing to do is to invest in magazines. Know all of the terms in astronomy and develop a love for this branch of science. Learn of all the equipment and tools that you can use to set up your own study. Remember all those ‘idiot’ books that you can buy at a modest price? Why not buy the Complete Idiot’s Guide to Astronomy? This will tell you of all the basic things you need to know.

If you are still at a loss, bear in mind that there are several websites that can help you in making that first step towards astronomy. Help is plentiful for those of you who are really willing to seek. You see, everything, every endeavor begins with the basics. And your backyard is the best place to start.

This free article is provided by the Free Articles Directory for educational purposes ONLY! It cannot be reprinted or redistributed under any circumstances.

Thursday, August 13, 2009

The Gene composite

There is a set of numerous genes in the complex body structure, which controls the diversity in features, attitudes, behavior, and, in many cases, but by no means in all, the impact of disease and resistance to inducing pathogens. The number of huge variants that are known to be present, approach between 600.000 and 2 million. However, only a few dozen traits are well enough understood in the gene -market companies, which are associated with the risk of developing diseases such as Alzheimer’s, heart disease or diabetes.

However, there is continuous effort particularly with advance of nanotechnology, to accumulate a large enough database of genetic variants that are linked to disease -susceptible or other traits. Some genome-scanning companies are already beginning to do this with customers’ data. The issue here is to convince 100, 00 or more volunteers in order to put their genome sequences in a public database. This is as long as one is not worried about privacy issues and medical secrecy. Learning about one’s genes may put the person to a certain awareness (e.g. 20%) of the risk of developing disease now or in future, but might not be enough for the person does a certain activity e.g. diet-watching, taking medicine or avoiding smoking etc.

The sequencing of whole genomes is still too slow and expensive, not to mention the complexity of their effects or complex aggregate effects in controlling certain single or composite variants.

The genome study was extended to other various beings, e.g. animals and plants. Genome sequencing and assignment to a certain trait, led to the discovery in subduing certain features e.g. susceptibility to certain disease, pathogen or infection. At least, this gained some success in certain GM modified plants, e.g. the canola, and maize corn wherein there was increased productivity and resistance to pathogens.

But again, the question that may arise, are these modified genomes, controlling only one variant, or several others that we are not aware of? Loss of palatability, taste, and nutritional value are known to occur in the GM plants and food derived from them. There is always the notion that at least more than one variant may be associated with a genome or indeed, a multiple of these, which may act concordantly.

Also what applies for plants may apply to human beings and animals alike. The suppression or enhancement of a certain trait may not be as simple as it looks. The complexity here is well warranted; and unless we exhaustively exploit the gene-factor mechanism, we will be still groping in the dark.

About the Author:

-As before-

Article Source: - The Gene composite

Quran and Science of Meterology

Quran Treats the phenonomenon of Rain and Hail
Allama Muhammad Yousuf Gabriel

The Quran has claimed not once but twice in most explicit terms to contain all knowledge that concerned humanity. And has challenged the world to bring a chapter like it, when I was asked that Quran was not the book of science, it was only the book of religion. How therefore, the treatment of the subjects like atomic science, the atomic bombs and atomic radiations could be expected in a book of religion. My answer to this was and is that the Quran is a book of a religion indeed, but it is the book of a religion that is perfect and complete and may be expected to provide answer to every question that was concerned with the humanity. If the destruction of the habitations of Sodom and Gomorrah received a mention in it, while these habitations were no larger than a negligible part of a modern city, how then the mention of a destroyer which would not leave so much as a blade of grass unburnt from one end of the world to the other, could be ignored without damaging the claim to universality. The Quran must be expected to give an answer to the question of atomic annihilation of the world. Again it may be asked whether the Quran contains the outcome of the research of modern science of meteorology. The answer to this question is yes it does. Quran shows this in one sign (Ayat) of about forty words. Read the following from the Quran regarding the phenomenon of rain and hail:-
" Hast thou not seen that Allah gently driveth forward the clouds and gathereth them together, and then layeth them in heaps? Thou also seeth the rain which falleth from the midst thereof, and Allah sendeth down from heaven, from mountains wherein there is hail, He striketh therewith whom he pleaseth, and turneth the same from whom He pleaseth, the brightness of His lightening wanteth but little of taking away the sight".
( Quran XXIV - 43 )
" Have you not seen that God drives the clouds, then joins them together and puts them fold on fold. Then you see the rain fall through them; and He sends down hail from the sky where there are mountains of it, and strikes those with it whom. He will, and wards it off from whomsoever He pleaseth. His lightning could snatch away their eyes".
(Quran - An-Nur-43 The Light)
You have read it now, or you have heard it. And if you pen to be a meteorologist, how much of the science of modern meteorology you have discerned in it, so that after we have explained it, you might compare. To most of the readers of the Quran it is merely a matter of common observation which has been mentioned by the Quran ; whether in the translation or in the original Arabic text of the Quran. Let this be remembered, however, that the mysteries are revealed only in the original Arabic text and never in the translations. It is the Arabic text of the Quran that reveals the essence of the modern science of meteorology about the phenomenon of rain and hail. Read the Quran -An Noor-43 )
In the first sight there appears to be no scientific facts of the modern research, but by the grace of Al-mighty Allah there are scientific facts to be revealed to those possessed of knowledge, and sincere in their faith in the Quran. The original Arabic text of the Quran has miracles to reveal. Most complex, intricate and perplexing facts of science and philosophy may be found in the words and mysteries discovered. To a knowledgeable reader the world of the Quran appears like kaleidoscopic world. The words changing their forms and clows and assuming new forms and colours, astonishing and perplexing the poor human intellect. During my forty-year long research in the Quran more than once I went to sleep with satisfaction that I had exhausted the meanings of a certain sign. But next morning to my surprise I saw the same sign blossoming with fresh flowers that had exchanging colours and delightful fragrance.
Let it be remembered that the modern science of meteorology is of recent origin, while the Quran was revealed fourteen centuries ago. If therefore the discoveries of the mo dern meteorology are found in the Quran, there remains no doubt about the divine original of the Quran, and the Quran deserves to assume a unique place among the divine scriptures.
We will now interpret the sign (Ayat) of the Quran in the light of all the latest discoveries of science in the field of meteorology. It is generally observed by the Non-Muslims, that whenever a discovery of science appears, the Muslims prop up the Quran saying, Lo! here is it written in the Quran, why the Muslims cannot find these facts from the Quran before the discovery is declared by science. The answer to this objection is, that firstly the Quran is not the text book of science to teach the people the technique of producing the things that are produced by the science, rather the Quran observes and regulates the entire life of humanity, every aspect of it. Therefore the Quran has its own style of treating the subject of pure science. Secondly, the Quran would not like the appearance of certain things or their wrong use in order to keep the humanity safe from the noxious effects thereof. Therefore the Quran treats such subjects of science in its peculiar manner. For instance the Quran has treated the atomic science, the entire essence of the subject, but has not taught to build the atomic bombs. Thirdly, if the Quran had explained the inventions of science as we see them today and had used the terms as we hear them today, it is not difficult to imagine that the hearers of that time, would have stampeded away thrusting their fingers in their ears, yelling, " How impossible, how nonsensical, away, away to your rational creed, the creed of our fathers". The fate of Islam was thus no hidden secret. And it was a miracle of the Quran, to say a thing comprehensible and appealing to its first hearers, and conceal within the same language that could answer all that was to come in time in any form, scientific, philosophic, economical, social. Yet let it be understood that the corroboration of the Quran and science is a topic fraught with imminent dangers. Science changes while the Quran is constant. Once said, for-ever said. The corroborator therefore must have thorough knowledge of science, to discern the established facts from more theories and hypotheses, and should at the same time have the thorough knowledge of the Quran to its real mind. Otherwise there is a great possibility of wrecking the reputation of the Quran, and making this word of God about of ridicule, unrecking at the same time the doom of the corroborator himself. I have seen many a corroborator that blundered in this field and fell from the cliffs to the vale of ignominy. God save us from such a doom. I myself am a corroborator, but I weigh a thing a hundred times and pass many a sleepless nights before I find courage to pen a single fact or to bring it on record. Yet I pray to Allah, the Merciful to guide me aright in this hazardous field and let me have no personal or other consideration, and forgive any slip of fall. I am obliged to take to this field for no other reason than that it has become the inevitable necessity of these days. Otherwise the early authentic commentators of the Quran have left no point unambiguous.
Now let us revert to our topic in the name of Allah the Benign, the Merciful. Allah says:-
"(Alam Tara). Has thou not seen?" This question was first posed to the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) and his contemporary Arabs. Now it could be posed to the meteorologist. This is the marvellous feature of the All-time and eternal Quran.
Then :-
"(Annallaha Yuzji). That is God drives". It is to contradict the view of those who think that the laws of nature work on their own, or that the whole affair of creation is accidental only. Here the God asserts his complete control of the Phenomenon.
Then (Yuzji Sahaban). (Sahab) means a cloud, but the derivatives formed on its root (sahaba) give the meanings as, to drive along, to drag along, to withdraw, to recall, to retract etc. The modern meteorological science on this point says, " Previous to a thunderstorm, the clouds are in great commotion. Great masses being torn asunder, others uniting together. These clouds being electrified, some more some less strongly, act inductively on one another, and if a piece happens to be torn away with more than its fair share of electricity that has been induced into it, it may soar away intensely electrified, several such pieces may unite to form a big cloud".
Then The Quran says:-
" (Thumma Yuallifu Bainahu). That is thereafter affects between the different parts of the cloud a harmony and achieves affinity between them. Generally it is translated as " and gathereth them together". In order to know what sort of harmony and affinity is affected and achieved between the various parts of the cloud, let us read the following from the science of meteorology.
" To achieve the coalescence of the minute spherules of water into fallable rain drops, a proper electrical affinity, between a particle and a particle within the cloud and further, within the cloud and the earth has to be achieved. In the presence of a strong positive charge in the cloud the SPHERULES WOULD TEND TOWARDS SEPARATION, EXCLUDING ANY POSSIBILITY OF THEIR COALESCENCE. A charge of milder sort in the vicinity has been found to be helpful for the desired coalescence for the spherules into rain drops. The necessity of the ELECTRIC POTENTIAL and hence the electricity itself, having thus been established a slight ACIDIFICATION of the cloud water is to be UNDERSTOOD as a means to impart conductivity to the water, which in a state of its purity is a bad conductor of electricity".
Let the great masters of Chemistry read these chemical processes explained by the Quran.
Then the Quran says:-
" (Thumma Yajaluhu rukaaman)". That is then "layeth them in heaps". Let us read what the modern meteorological science says about the heaping up of the cloud. It says:-
" When the vapour in the air is condensed not through contact with cold bodies, but through the cooling of a mass of vapour -ladden air, then a cloud is formed. A cloud consists of fine drops of water. if it be near the ground it is called mist or fog. It would at the outset seem impossible to classify or account for the myriads of forms of the cloud, but when we come to observe and watch them closely, two main types of cloud-forms assert themselves. Those which appear in fillowy well-defined shapes, and those which spread over the heavens in a layer thick or thin, partial or complete. The former of these is called CUMULUS, a Latin word meaning HEAP, the latter STRATUS, a Latin word meaning A LAYER. These names are due to LUKE HORWARD (1802) and have been used by all cloud observers since his time. The meteorological science is of recent origin. It developed within the centuries of this modern age. Luke Horward (1802) first used the Terms CUMULUS and STRATUS".
The Quran has anticipated him by centuries. The word Rukaaman which the Quran has used means exactly the CUMULUS. So far as the Term STRATUS is concerned, the Quran has used it in another sign (verse) about the very same topic. The sign is as follows:
That is : " Allah is He who sendeth the wind so that they raise clouds, and spreadeth them along the sky as pleaseth Him. And forms them in layers, and thou seest the rain downpouring from within them".
( Quran XXX - 48 )
" It is God who sends the breezes that raise clouds, then spreads them over the sky as He please, fold on fold, then you see the drops of rain issue from between them. When He sends it down to those of His creatures as He will, they are filled with joy".
(Quran The Romans, 48)
The actual word is (Kisafan) which means to lay in layers, to stratify, to lay layer upon layer. It is exactly the term STRATUS, the term of Luke Horward. Though generally it is translated as, "causeth them to break". It is surprising to note, that the Quran anticipated Luke Horward (1802) by centuries. The words of the Quran thus are not only scientific but also prophetic.
Then the Quran says:-
(Fataral Wadaqa Yakhruju min khilaalihi). That is : Thou seest the rain which falleth from the midst thereof. Actual word is (Min Khilaalihi), that is the rain is pouring from the (khilal) of the cloud. The meaning of this word is pin, skewer, spit. The root of this word is (khallala) which means to acetify. "Khal" means vinegar. Now the necessity of the acidification of the cloud water we have already narrated in the previous pages. A charge of milder sort is essential to achieve the coalescence of the spherules. The charge necessitates electricity. But pure water is a bad conductor of electricity. It is necessary therefore to acetify the water to endue water with the quality of conductivity. Thus the role of the word (khilal ) in the phenomenon becomes clear, to mean that no (khilal) meant no rain, and therefore no life on earth.
The Quran further says:-
(wa yunazzilu min assamaae min jibaalin fiha min bardin). That is:- " And Allah sendeth down from heaven, from mountains wherein there is hail". First imagine a cloud like a mountain of hail. How beautiful is the mountain of white pearls and how exact but novel is the simile. But the point which attracts our attention is hidden in the word (jibaal) which means mountains. The root of this word is (jabala) which means to kneed. Perhaps the most astonishing discovery of the modern meteorological science is that no mist nor fog could be formed, unless there were present in the vapour-laden air particles of dust or sand to act as the nucleus for the spherules of water that constitute the fog. This has been proved, since air filtered through cotton wool, has no tendency towards fog formation. The hail pellets likewise have been found to have been built around a spec of dust acting as their Nucleus, a process in distinction from that of the formation of snow. Now let us see the word (jibaal) that is mountains used by the Quran. The word Jibaal has been derived from the root-verb (jabala) which means to kneed. Then imagine a cloud of rain or of hail, wherein every spherule has a spec of dust or sand though invisible to naked eye. Certainly the cloud appears like a mountain made of dust particles kneeded with water. Remarkable also is the role of mountains in the formation of rain.
Now in the end it may be asked that the Quran in this phenomenon has made no mention of the great role played by the air. It is the air that carries the moisture, and it is the air that wafts the clouds. without the air no rain would have been possible. The question takes our thought to another sign (Ayat) of the Quran which is identical with the sign which we are discussing, and has mentioned the role of air. In the previous pages we have alluded to sing just read:-
(Quran-Alarum -48)
(Allah-u-lazi yursilu-arriaha fatuseeru sahaban). That is, " He is Allah who sendeth the winds, so that they raise clouds".
( Quran XXX-48 )
The Quran's challenge, "Bring ye a chapter like unto it" stands good for every age, including this age of science. The knowledge of science shown by the Qruan is such that no scientist will ever think of being an equal to or like the Quran, the amazing word of Allah, the God of the worlds.

About the Author:

Article Source: - Quran and Science of Meterology

Friday, July 31, 2009

Women In Science

More than 25 years have gone by since the U.S. Congress passed the Women in Science and Technology Equal Opportunity Act, which states that it is "the policy of the United States that men and women have equal opportunity in education, training, and employment in scientific and technical fields." But today's academic field illustrates a different reality than that the U.S. Congress wishes to exist. Even if major advances have occurred in relation to women's role in education, academic institutions are still not fully utilizing the pool of women scientists they are producing each year. In fact, the difference between the proportions of women who earn Ph.D.'s and those who are in faculty positions at top universities appears to be most evident in the biological and physical sciences, as well as in engineering.

But these sciences, even if they have been mostly studied by men, have been also studied in great extend by women over the years. While some scholars support that considerable biological differences between men and women affect their representation in science, there is a substantive body of evidence indicating that overall intelligence does not differ between men and women. Still controversy persists as to whether specific aspects of cognitive ability differ. But there is no ideal constellation of cognitive abilities required to be a scientist. To become a successful scientist, one needs to have deductive reasoning abilities, adequate verbal skills, quantitative reasoning, intuition, and social skills. Even if we accept that men and women differ in some of these abilities, there is no basis on which one may assume that men will have greater success than women in science, because different academic backgrounds, personal skills and mental abilities create equally successful approaches and styles. Moreover, there is no convincing evidence that women's representation in science is limited by innate ability. For example, between 1970 and 2003 a considerable 30 percent increase occurred in the proportion of Ph.D.'s granted to women in engineering. Since people support that this was the outcome of dramatic changes in attitudes and laws relevant to gender, the fact that more women were able to successfully graduate from their PhD's programs provides strong evidence of the cultural and structural impediments to women.

Moral and legal imperatives to ensure equal opportunity provide sufficient reasons to examine the causes of the disparities and to attempt to rectify them. Equally compelling is the impact that equity will have on the quality of today's universities and the competitiveness of any nation. Heterogeneity among students, faculty, and staff can strengthen universities' role in fundamental ways. Specifically, the design of more innovative solutions to problems is the outcome of heteroclite groups, which can bring a higher level of critical analysis to decisions. Furthermore, institutions that welcome women foster more favorable working environments for all community members.

Concluding, institutional transformation necessitates collective examination of attitudes and the behaviors observed, which can be rather disquieting, since it requires engagement with issues of life-style, reproduction, hiring, and academic customs. But, the most uncomfortable of every possible discovery is the realization that all people have their own unconscious biases, which can shape behavior patterns and lead to such gaps.

About the Author:

Kadence Buchanan writes articles on many topics including Women’s World, Science, and Nursing

Article Source: - Women In Science

Sunday, July 12, 2009

How To Buy A Telescope In 2009

Science, astronomy is both interesting topics. Science and astronomy doesn’t have to remain with the scientists of the world with lab coats, in fact you could wear a T-shirt and jeans and have a blast with backyard astronomy. Make discoveries at home and enjoy. I will tell you how! Astronomy is an amazing topic. NASA spends billions to gain more insight into astronomy. Though spending billions on a home space program is not the most feasible thing to do for most people, the truth is that you still can make some amazing discoveries, and though most of your discoveries will be limited to what has already been found, there is still room for making discoveries. Remember this is all possible from your backyard and with the right telescope. The question comes to mind though, how to buy a telescope. It is the aim of this article to get you started in the right way. Telescopes come in many shapes and forms; however the main 2 types you will run into are the reflector telescopes and the refractor telescopes. Both have there benefits, however the refractors (the type which is like binoculars, i.e. you look from the back) are great for beginners because of ease of use and low maintenance, however, they can become very expensive with larger versions. The reflectors work with a mirror and look slightly larger; however, they have the benefit that they can allow you to get some large and amazing sizes which show so much more clarity for much less when compared with refractors. Understanding how these scientific instruments fundamentally operate will allow you to answer how to buy a telescope and get a good deal in the process. The whole process is about light. Our pupil is the amount of light that we can physically get. To get a bigger image we need a bigger eye! The telescope does this and the bigger the telescope, more light gathering abilities it has. For example in reflectors the size of the mirror in effect determines how big the picture will be. Though realize that even with the biggest of telescopes, the image will still be small in comparison. So an 8” mirror will not show an 8” Moon! When asking how to buy a telescope, we want to get the best. Telescopes come in many different price ranges. My strongest suggestion is to look for a telescope above the $100 mark. Anything below this figure will likely be a flimsy toy rather than a real telescope. They can range in price from under hundred dollars to several thousand dollars. As a good version, going for a $200 to around $500 is a great way to get a good telescope that is more of an investment than an expense. This will give you something that will likely last for as much as a decade or more, if it looked after. The next question in how to buy a telescope is to actually buy a telescope. This can be accomplished through several methods such as telescope stores or direct mail, such as in advertisements in magazines dedicated to astronomy. The best solution I have found is to go online. Going online, you can expect to find a wider range of options, and the other 2 benefits is that you get the best prices in most cases, and get it delivered to the comfort of your home!
About the Author:

Visit this link and discover how to buy a telescope. Also check out the Meade LX200 telescope. optimogormon

Article Source: - How To Buy A Telescope In 2009

Science as a Media Event

One need not make any extensive surveys of different media to provide evidence for this failure. It is enough to see how sports has managed to gain more coverage in various media over the last few decades vis-a-vis science. One may argue that this is so because there are always some sports events occurring all over the world which naturally draw the attention of media. But contention here is that scientific activity, scientific community and laboratories all over the world can also be turned into what are called 'media events' if enough pains are taken by science communicators to achieve this status for science. First and foremost it will require the maximum cooperation of scientists.

For instance, anniversaries of scientists, institutes, organisations and societies, including the World Health Day, etc., can be celebrated; discussions and debates with the concerned scientists organised; and doors of concerned laboratories and organisations thrown open to masses and media.

Be that as it may, intention through this paper is to highlight the essentials and limitations of science popularisation so that there appears a fundamental change in the way of looking at this subject. Hopefully, it will lead to more effective strategies to popularise science among the masses.

Science writing is an art

Science popularisation is mostly done by science- trained persons and professional scientists. It is therefore looked upon more as a scientific activity rather than anything else. But science writing is more of an art rather than a science. It is scientific only in the sense one should have scientific knowledge but all the writing abilities are required to make a good presentation of science. It is due to the present lack of emphasis on the art aspect of science popularisation that this field of activity has suffered to date. Those few scientists or science-trained persons who have consciously or unconsciously known the art of science writing and have practised it, have only been successful in popularising science.

Science is a human activity

The second reason why popular science does not tick with the masses is because it is not projected as a human activity but an activity of scientists who simply believe in the search for truth - and nothing but truth! The human side of science is totally neglected in all popular science presentations. The follies and prejudices of scientists, the emotional life of scientists, the irrational circumstances in which scientific work is often undertaken and discoveries and inventions made, etc., are quite often deliberately not highlighted fearing that it would give bad name to science and scientific research. In short, the human face of science or scientific research is often neglected in popular science presentations. There is therefore a strong need to give science a human face. It would not only mean adding human stories to popular science presentations but also talking about realities in scientific research.

Tip of the iceberg presentation

The third reason why popular science presentations often go wide off the mark and make the audience yawn and go for something else is the inability of science communicators to distinguish between technical report writing and popular science writing, thanks to their scientific training or background. They try to cram into a popular science presentation as much as they know or find out about a subject.

Actually, popular science presentation should be like the tip of the iceberg. It should however make one not only familiar with the tip of the iceberg but also aware of the unseen larger part of the iceberg floating under the water. In other words, it should reveal little about science but enough to make one realise the existence of that science with its entire ramification. It should excite one's curiosity enough so that one would like to probe further into that science. It should not necessarily tell everything about a science but at the same time it should not miss science.

Some important observations

The author's experience with popularising science over the years has forced him to arrive at some postulates. They are merely based on experience and intuition. Any research has not been conducted to back them up with facts and figures. In fact, much research is required to prove or disprove them. If in case they are proved, they can easily be called the 'Laws of Science Popularisation' because despite the best of our efforts we have not been able to popularise science the way we want among the masses. There must be some hidden laws governing our efforts to popularise science. These postulates are stated as follows:

Postulates of science popularisation

1st : Only those elements of science receive attention in a society, which suit its goals or which inspire awe.

2nd : A science communicator tends to impose his or her limited ideas of science, scientists and scientific research upon the audience.

3rd : The amount of space allotted to science in different media of a country is the index of the quality of life of its average citizen.

4th : The quality of science communication or presentation in a country is directly proportional to the quality of science produced in it.

5th : To popularise science is to humanise science.

One can deduce certain things from these postulates. The first postulate indicates that people at large read science because it serves their purpose or because the subject is topical, sensational or controversial or simply excites their curiosity. A handful only read science for the sake of knowledge per se. Much research is required to identify those subjects so that science could be more effectively popularised. For instance, health science and environment interest people at large, astronomy and space fascinate them, Nobel Laureates, UFOs, etc., are held in awe by them.

The Second postulate is dangerous for science itself. Consciously or unconsciously, the layman imbibes the limited or narrow image of science, scientists and culture of science from the communicator, whether he be Jacob Bronowski or Peter Medawar. Notions such as scientists are mad individuals or scientific research is yet another profession are creations of science communicators. That makes science communicator a very responsible person.

The third and fourth postulates are intuitive relationships between two unrelated things or activities. Further research is needed to prove or disprove these two laws by taking data from different countries. However, one must add here that in India we raise a hullabaloo to increase science coverage in our media at the first available opportunity but it often comes to nothing. Also, while writing a popular science article on a subject one often needs the assistance of a scientist doing research in that very subject. But in India the scientist of the concerned subject is often not available for consultation and as a result our writings lack the necessary quality, verve and colour.

The fifth, the last but not the least important postulate, though obvious, reminds us that we must give science a human face so that masses are not afraid of it. It is the basic aim of science popularisation.

Christmas tree of science popularisation

The aim of drawing the 'Christmas tree of science popularisation' is to illustrate the importance of various media that take science to the masses, though every medium has its own significance and a vital role to play in communication. But unless a person climbs up the tree, as his or her interest in science is aroused or increased - in other words, unless one begins to read newspapers, magazines and then books - he or she would not have become fully science literate.

Necessarily, the percentage of people reading books would be very small as the top of a Christmas tree indicates. But it is a must to know this tree because the role of any medium should not be underestimated and every medium should be given equal importance simultaneously. For instance, if a student's interest in science is aroused by science fair or 'Jatha' held in the town, it has to be sustained and maintained by wallpapers, newspapers and even books; otherwise, one's interest would flag and eventually die. Other supplementing media should be made available to the student in form of public libraries, for instance. So, the Christmas tree of science popularisation needs to be watered and tended carefully to produce a science literate society.


According to the postulates forwarded here there are (as yet unknown) limits to the extent science can be popularised among the masses. It is not possible to have a fully science literate society. Moreover, science communicators need to take into account aforementioned aspects about science popularisation for more effective communication of science to the masses.

ProVFX Visual Effects and Editing School has been written by Pranay Rupani who is a Freelance Writer

Wednesday, June 3, 2009

Science Education: Making Science Fun

Every school in America is required to teach science. This is because science and scientific learning is a fundamental part of our existence. Most everything that we encounter on a day-to-day basis is, in some way, related to science. Even when we are sleeping, science is there to explain why we need to sleep and what takes place while we are sleeping. Because of this, science education is essential to life as we know it. Of course there will be many people who are happy to go through life without knowing how a bird can fly. Even given this fact, there will always be something that they will need to know and understand that is grounded in science. Even if it is something as simple as 'fire is hot' or 'getting punched hurts. Science is there to explain these simple things too.

A good foundation in science through science education is required for all children, but the way that this education takes place is not strictly defined. With that said, many schools will take to science experiments using hands-on science products and supplies. This is an excellent way for students to 'see' the science around them. Often times learning from a book can be tedious and will cause students to become uninterested in the subject matter. A science experiment, however, is interactive and forces the students to take part in science learning. These projects don't have to be complicated and will usually result in a much higher level of learning retention.

There are a few reasons why children better retain knowledge gained through scientific experimentation. One is it allows you to appeal to those children who are visual learners. These students are the ones who need pictures or demonstrations to remember things. Words just don't stick in their minds as well, but when they can see a science demonstration or visualize an experiment, they can comprehend and retain the subject matter with much better success. Many students tend to thrive in science because it offers the visual aspect that many other subject matters do not.

Another reason that knowledge gained through science experimentation is retained longer by students is because they are actively engaged. They can't simply skim through the experiment, they have to make sure that they are doing things correctly, and the only way to ensure that is by understanding what is going on. It forces students to understand the science behind what they are doing, and if they don't, often times the experiment won't turn out right.

Finally, hands-on science experimentation gives the student a sense of accomplishment. It is a reward of sorts, to have the experiment turn out correctly. That reassurance and sense of achievement at the end of each experiment will cause them to want to do more. It will also give them more confidence in what they are doing and possibly cause them to take up more science projects on their own. They will already be comfortable with the process they need to follow and will merely need their own ideas and theories to start their own projects. Even their own small science projects will increase their knowledge of how the world around them works and functions.
About the Author:

Find unique and innovative Science toys and Science Supplies for Physics and Physical Science. A wonderful resource for science teachers for teaching electrostatics, magnetism, electricity, force, motion, sound, light, color, waves, gas laws, alternative energy, pressure, fluid dynamics and elementary science. For details visit

Article Source: - Science Education: Making Science Fun

Thursday, May 14, 2009

Gardening - Natural Science NOT Rocket Science..

Don't force yourself out of the most profitable hobby in the universe because you think it's too hard to learn ...It isn't!
Gardening is fast becoming the world's number one hobby, and with all the latest 'alternative' information we have to hand, gardening as a natural science is fun to learn about and rewarding in the extreme...

Produce your own fruit and veg - cut the shopping trips.

Keep it organic!- be nice to the planet, and your body.

Stay fit and healthy with exercise and fresh air.

Spend quality family time in the outdoors.

Turbo boost your creative spirit

And if that isn't enough to be going on with, learn about plant-kind in all it's glory. From trees through to fungi, there are millions of plants to research, grow and eat- no chance of getting bored!

First you have to take your first step.

Start gardening, be a gardener, enjoy your garden.

Starting from scratch? Let your imagination run wild. Stand in the centre (-ish) of your garden and imagine..close your eyes if you like.

Don't hold back. Let your creative thoughts flow. How much can you do with your space? Don't imagine for one minute that a simple lawn will let you off the hook here. A lawn needs maintaining, and mowing regularly - for EVER..and it can get kind of boring to look at as well! How about creating

a butterfly patch

a wildflowers corner

a vegetable plot

a herb garden

a water feature

Then you will need a shed to store your tools. Where would that be best placed in your garden? Don't waste a sunny position with a garden structure. Sheds don't need to be in full sun to survive!

Is there enough space to place garden furniture? Rather than going for the table-and-four-chairs-on-patio style, can you place benches and small tables in semi-shady spots near the honeysuckle or round the herbs?

When you think you have a reasonable idea of all you want from your garden, take some notes and think about it for a while. Don't leap in too soon-more often than not you'll land up doing the same job twice. Browse through garden catalogs, take a little time and do a little planning.

But not for too long! Don't let the ideas wither into another was-gonna-do-one-day file.

If you have enough of a budget to buy your garden structures and furniture, do this first, and position them in your garden. Then create your flower beds, vegetable plots and wildlife patches around these structures.

If you don't have cash up front, don't worry. The things you need will come to you. For now, prepare the space as if you DID have the shed, or bench or whatever, and work around these areas.

Start all the patches and work on them as and when you can, or start one patch and get it finished before moving on to the next. How you work in your garden depends on a number of things...

size of land and budget

helping hands available

seasons and the weather

time slots and energy levels!

Treat gardening as an ongoing hobby rather than a project to be started and finished. Plants are growing life forms and will always be changing the shape and feel of your garden. Go with it where you can, and prune heavily where you have to!

Get the kids involved with quick-germinating seeds, and fast-growing plants. Many retailers offer special seed mixtures for kids. Pumpkins are great for getting the kids interested in gardening.

Learn about edible flowers and teach the children what can and can't be eaten - and why.

Don't let the grass grow under your feet. Get in on the action now. Turn off the TV, put your wellies on and leap into nature!

About the Author: Linda Gray is a freelance writer and, with her partner. has spent ten years renovating a neglected acre of woodland. Find heaps of straight gardening advice and pots of inspiration at Bring a cuppa!

Magic: The Science Of Illusion

Magic has been connected to mystery and things that cannot be explained by science. But, during the recent years, there has been in-depth studies focused to magic. Now, magic is known to be the science of illusion. More than that, magic is also an art based on science and techniques.

In fields of sciences like psychiatry, illusion is said to be a distortion of sensory perception. But no matter how negative this may sound, magic has entertained people based on illusion. This gives the impression that something impossible has occurred. Magic tricks are based on scientific principles but people do not seem to connect magic and science.

Different illusions are being used in magic and there are seven types of them.

- Production. These are magic tricks out of thin air. Producing something out of nothing. Tricks like these include appearing acts – rabbit coming out of an empty hat, coins from an empty pocket and the magician or an assistant appearing through a puff of smoke on an empty stage.

- Vanish. Tricks from this category are those disappearing acts like coins disappearing, a dove vanishing out of thin air by a clap of hand and stuffs inside silks into the hands of the magician but when opened revealed nothing. This category is the total opposite of production. The similar tricks are used but done in reverse.

- Transformation. As the word suggest, the tricks in this category involve those which transform anything to another form – chicken to an eagle, fire into a rabbit or a broom into a woman.

- Restoration. Magic tricks using this illusion is meant to restore something to the state it was once before like a cut rope into three parts back into one or cards cut into fourths and back to one.

- Teleportation. This illusion is meant to transfer things to another place. These are the classic tricks that truly amaze people like uncovered cages with one person each and they magically exchange places in a few seconds. This is what is known as double teleportation.

- Levitation. The trick involves lifting objects, animals and even people into air by using trance.

- Penetration. Tricks in this category involve the passing through of objects through a solid wall.

One important thing in maintaining the illusion in magic tricks is the secrecy of the magician. The magician should maintain this secrecy in order to be respected and treated with credibility by other magicians. The only exception is when a magician shares the secrets of the trade with someone who is a serious student of magic.

Remember, you are “killing” the magic by telling the secrets of your tricks to others and reducing them to mere intellectual riddles and puzzles.

This free article is provided by the Free Articles Directory for educational purposes ONLY! It cannot be reprinted or redistributed under any circumstances.

Wednesday, May 6, 2009

How to choose the best over counter acne medication

You need to decide whether you want to use a product with chemicals or something all natural. Surprisingly, many natural products now on the market work great and be informed that even natural remedies need to be carefully researched. After all, not all-natural products are quality so you would be doing your skin a favour.

Understand the basics of your skin and the ingredients of these products so you can make an educated decision.For natural over counter acne medications, the key ingredients include vitamin E, Aloe vera, and tea tree oil. Unfortunately, you may have to try more than one product to find the exact remedy that works not just your skin but also the specific type of acne you have. Once you have identified a natural product that reduces the effects of acne. You will also maintain a management program to keep the problem at bay.

You can choose a more traditional approach to fighting acne. In many cases, these products will contain one of two ingredients, both proven to be highly, successful in the treatment of acne. Therefore, you should look for a product over the counter that contains benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.

Whether you choose an acne treatment that is natural or traditional, expect some drying of the skin and therefore you will have to use a moisturizer designed to help the skin but also one that will not contribute to the acne problem.

Remember, while many of the products work great, some can actually make the problem worse so always consider the type of skin you have (oily or dry), as well as the type of acne you have. With this information, you can pinpoint an over counter medication that will finally bring some relief.

Another great prescription medications for your acne are the retinoids. In most cases, these products are topical types (applied on the skin as a cream or gel). Like benzoyl peroxide, retinoids also have side effects in that the skin becomes highly sensitive to sunlight and therefore you will have to deal with the issue of always wearing a high SPF sun block, even on cloudy days.

Rub on the sunscreen according the manufacturer's instructions, which typically means applying the lotion 20 minutes prior to sun exposure. Enjoy the sun and watching those zits dissipate. After sunbathing, soothe your skin with an aloe vera gel.

Another option you should consider in treating your acne is the use of chemical peels. A doctor will have to prescribe it to you. And you would have to follow the directions to the letter to have significant results. In this case, the peel will remove the top layer of your dead skin cells, which will expose new, undamaged skin underneath. The only thing you have to remember is that while the initial results are excellent, acne may come back.

If you are a teenage girl, probably the best medication prescription for your acne would be birth control pills. Birth control pills have proven to be successful. What happens is that male hormones known as androgens can cause an excessive production of oil. Birth control pills control the hormone level, which results in less oil and fewer acne breakouts. Obviously, only women would use this. In addition to this prescription acne medication, your doctor may recommend you start some type of antibiotic and once the acne is under control, the antibiotic will keep the problem at bay. This particular option is exceptionally beneficial for severe cystic type of acne. In most cases, you will need to take this drug for four to six weeks and then you stop.

It is important to treat your acne holistically. In many cases - especially in the case of moderate and severe acne - it's often important you attack the acne problem with both natural and conventional methods. I believe the natural way for treating acne will always be the best way, because it's fixes the root of the problem - the actual reason why you are getting the acne in the first place. Natural methods will help fix your acne causing factors like hormonal problems, stress, Candida and toxins from your lifestyle and diet. This is great because fixing the cause of your acne will fix it for good.

About the Author:

Hi, I'm Rose,
I am an alternative medicine health consultant.I was driven to my present profession from the traumatizing experiences that I went through as an acne victim when I was a teenager. I have since recovered and I felt it was important to share my experiences with other acne sufferes because i know what it means to suffer from acne.

Article Source: - How to choose the best over counter acne medication

Thursday, April 16, 2009

Dental Implants to Light Up Your Smile

Dental implants are ideal replacements for missing teeth that patients may lose due to an accident, failed endodontic treatment, gum diseases or poor oral hygiene

. Basically, dental implants serve the same function as natural tooth root in anchoring teeth. These implants appear like metallic screws with either a roughened or smooth surface. Dental implants are usually made up of orally compatible materials like titanium and its alloys.

Benefits and Types of Dental Implants

There are several benefits and types of dental implants that are in use compared to dentures and conventional bridges. A newly placed implant not only adds beauty to a person’s face, but also improves other aspects like speech, function and self-esteem. Other benefits are listed below:

  • No tooth reduction of adjacent teeth

  • Prevents further loss of teeth

  • Maintains the integrity of the bone and surrounding gum tissue

  • Improves chewing ability

  • Superior aesthetic results

  • Increases confidence and self-esteem.

  • Functionally more effective than conventional bridges and dentures.

Integration of Dental Implants

Unlike other artificial prosthesis, dental implants integrate with the surrounding dental tissues speedily so as to make a firm holding in the mouth. It integrates with surrounding tissues either by bony integration (osseointegrated) or connective-tissue (fibrointegrated) integration.

The very design of dental implants is structured to provide maximum surface area for retention. Special features like slots, threads or roughened edges can be spotted at the root end of the implant. This facilitates increased mechanical retention of the implant. At times, these implants are also coated with bioactive materials like hydroxyapatite which help to stimulate bone formation around the implant.

Surgical Procedure and Maintenance of Implants

Surgical procedure and maintenance of implants is a vital aspect to consider. Dental implants are placed in a person’s mouth with extreme care and caution by a dentist. The area of surgery is examined thoroughly before it is anaesthetized. The implant is then placed inside the bone and a temporary crown is immediately placed to consolidate the patient’s aesthetic needs. A long healing period follows. Following this, a permanent crown is constructed over it to replace the missing tooth.

It is of utmost importance to remember that regular dental check ups and follow- ups with a highly experienced and well known dentist will sustain the longevity of dental implants.

To take advantage of the highest level of patient care, quality in dental implants, technique of surgical procedure and varied dental solutions, visit Dr. Jonathan Renfroe. To take a guided tour, schedule an appointment or get more information, visit

Fight Breast Cancer With Diet, Exercise and a Multiple Vitamin

The human breast is a gland that contains milk ducts, lobes, fatty tissue, and a network of lymphatic vessels. Cancerous tumors can develop in virtually any part of the breast and are most often detected when a woman feels a lump. Cancerous lumps are generally firm, never go away, and are usually pain-free. The majority of breast lumps are not cancerous, but there is no exact way to tell without a professional's examination. A lump that seems to be growing or that does not move when it is pushed may be cancerous. However, it may also be caused by normal fibrocystic changes during the menstrual cycle. A biopsy is necessary to identify the lump. Breast cancer can also cause a yellow, bloody, or clear discharge from the nipple.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, and the second leading cause of cancer death for women in the United States. The American Cancer society estimates that 267,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2003, and about 39,800 deaths occurred from this disease. The lifetime risk of developing breast cancer for American women is about one in nine. Many surveys suggest that it is the health problem that is most feared by women. However, if breast cancer is detected early, the five-year-and-beyond survival rate is at about 95 percent.

There is no single answer as to what causes breast cancer, and it is reported that about 60 percent of breast cancers develop without any known risk factors. Researchers believe that estrogen in the most likely culprit in many cases of breast cancer. Estrogen promotes cellular growth in the tissues of the breasts and reproductive organs, and cancer is a disorder of unrestrained cellular growth. Some of the risk factors for breast cancer include onset of menstruation before age nine, menopause after age fifty-five, having a first child after age forty, and having no or few children. The one thing that all of these risk factors have in common is that they result in the breasts being exposed to more estrogen for longer periods of time.

Men can also get breast cancer, but they account for less than 1 percent of breast cancer cases. While it occurs less frequently, breast cancer in men usually is diagnosed at a later, and therefore more serious stage because neither physicians or patients tend to suspect it. About 1,500 men are diagnosed with breast cancer every year in the United States, with 400 dying from it. Cure rates are generally the same for men as they are for women.

It is crucial to detect breast cancer in its earliest and most curable stage. By making healthy changes in diet and lifestyle, examining your breasts regularly, and having regular mammograms can increase your chances of avoiding or overcoming breast cancer.

The following nutrients are helpful in preventing and dealing with breast cancer: coenzyme Q10, colostrum, DMG, essential fatty acids, garlic, germanium, melatonin, a multi-mineral complex, a multi-vitamin complex, natural beta-carotene, proteolytic enzymes, selenium, shark cartilage, SOD, vitamin B complex, vitamin C with bioflavonoids, vitamin E, maitake, vitamin D3, acidophilus, kelp, l-carnitine, l-cysteine, Pycnogenol, raw glandular complex, and SAMe. Additionally, the following herbs may be beneficial: astragalus root, Echinacea, bilberry, burdock root, ginger, green tea, peppermint, red clover, black cohosh, chasteberry, red clover, turmeric, dandelion root, milk thistle, chaste tree berry, ginseng, curcumin, rosemary extract, lycopene, sulphoraphane, green tea extract, garlic, ginkgo biloba, licorice, and silymarin.

Vitamin supplements can help support the bodys nutritional needs and in so doing help the body fight cancer. Changing ones diet, exercise and vitamin supplements can help one prevent the onset of breast cancer and extend ones life span. Natural vitamins and herbs are available at your local or internet health food store at reasonable prices. Always consult your doctor before adding vitamins and herbs to your diet while on prescription medications.

*Statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Vitamins and herbs are not intended to diagnose, treat and cure or prevent disease. Always consult with your professional health care provider before changing any medication or adding Vitamins to medications.

About the Author:
More information on natural vitamins and herbs is available at VitaNet ®, LLC Health Food Store.

Article Source: - Fight Breast Cancer With Diet, Exercise and a Multiple Vitamin

Brain Injuries and Depression

Depression is a scary thing when it happens - for both the person suffering from it and also for his/her family members. The dictionary states that depression is the condition of being gloomy or sad. In my experience, my partner's depression went far beyond this explanation.

The symptoms of his depression were extreme anger, frustration, irritability, hostility, and being critical and uncommunicative. He had no interest either in any of this former activities. He also made a decision during the time when he was angry to sell the house and go to Mexico.

Other symptoms can include less energy, a feeling of being slowed down, restlessness, low self-esteem, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, increased weight or loss of weight, increased appetite or loss of appetite, sleeping too much or other sleep problems. However, fatigue is a common symptom of brain injury, not only when associated with depression. There can also be thoughts of suicide in severe cases of depression.

Depression can be brought about by a biochemical imbalance of serotonin, dopamine or norepinephrine; a distressing life event; trauma or genetics. People who have low self-esteem, negative outlooks, physical or health conditions or other psychological disorders are also at risk.

This condition can easily be treated by medication and/or psychological counseling and support from friends, family and self-help groups. Changes won't happen overnight although my partner did claim to feel somewhat better more quickly than I expected. In most cases medication can take a few weeks to begin working. In the case of clinical depression, it will likely need to be managed over a person's lifetime.

Depression will affect not only the sufferer but his family as well and can put huge stress on the partner. It is important that family members be patient and non-judgmental and that they listen and offer their support.

My partner was diagnosed with depression several months following his serious motorcycle accident. Besides his brain injury, he suffered other injuries which included broken shoulders, a broken collar bone, his left hand and two badly broken legs. As well, all of the ribs on his left side were broken, puncturing his lung in the process.

We were told that it is very common for someone to have depression brought about because of a chemical imbalance following so many physical injuries combined with the traumatic brain injury. They expected that he would be on the medication for approximately six months before being gradually reduced and eventually tapered off until he no longer required it. However, when it was initially reduced, there was an almost immediate reversal back to his behavior and mood difficulties, pre-medication. And at over two years since beginning his medication, it is still necessary to continue with it.


About the Author:

Sylvia Behnish has recently published her first non-fiction book entitled 'Roller Coaster Ride With Brain Injury (For Loved Ones)'. She wrote it to assist those who are trying to cope with the devastating impact of brain injury in their lives. She has also published numerous articles in newspapers and magazines in both Canada and the United States.

Sylvia has an active lifestyle which includes a large family, photography, gardening, reading and enjoying the outdoors.


Article Source: - Brain Injuries and Depression

How to Treat Bronchitis

The Top 9 Bronchitis and How To Treat Bronchitis Tips

Bronchitis information isn't always reliable when you search on the web, as too many people are trying to sell you something instead of actual providing useful resources you can use.

Below are 9 tips about bronchitis and how to treat bronchitis that I hope you find helpful.

We've spent ages looking for the most accurate bronchitis information to give you, and this is what we've got...

Tip #1

Bronchitis is the swelling of the bronchial tubes, otherwise known as the airways. These airways are the windpipes that directly connect to the lungs. Bronchitis happens when there is an irritation that occurs in the bronchial tubes. Next to the irritation, the formation of thick mucus will soon follow. Hence, the air passage will be blocked by the mucus, leading to difficulty in breathing. Bronchitis can be identified into two types: acute and chronic. The acute bronchitis is normally an illness that lasts for a short period of time. Usually, this is caused by severe cold. But most often, this is triggered by the viral infections. Acute bronchitis is characterized by the pain in the middle of the chest, cough that comes with green sputum. Fever might also happen, and a slight difficulty in breathing might also occur.

Tip #2

To deal with chronic bronchitis, often times you will need to focus on the triggers that can cause the problem in the first place. This is one reason why I'm offering a free report on how to remove asthma, allergy and bronchitis triggers from your home.

Tip #3

Chronic bronchitis is no doubt a very irritating and even debilitating condition to have. The shortness of every breath, the coughing up of phlegm, and trouble falling asleep serve as constant reminders that an individual is inflicted with the condition. In the latest stages of the disease the individual may notice labored breathing (hyperventilation), hypoxemia (insufficient amounts of oxygen in the blood) and failure of the right side of the heart. So, is there a cure for chronic bronchitis?

Tip #4

While the bronchitis attacks, patients are not allowed to eat dairy products as they increase the secretion of mucus and worsen the infection by stimulating the multiplication of bacteria.

Tip #5

Bronchitis occurs when the lining of your bronchial tract becomes infected, usually developing from a cold or flu or allergies. Then your bronchial tubes become swollen and start producing mucus. The mucus causes difficulty in breathing, wheezing and a nasty cough. If left unattended it could turn into pneumonia. Smokers are more prone to bronchitis then non-smokers.

Tip #6

The main sign of this condition is that of a yellowgray or even green colored mucus that comes up when you are coughing. This mucus is called sputum. The mucus should be a sign to you that something is wrong, especially with this type of coloring.

Tip #7

There are many things you can do to prevent the onset of bronchitis in any form. The most important thing to do is to stop smoking and avoid secondhand smoke. Avoid pollution by staying indoors during smog alerts and refrain from using sprays for cleaning, insect repelling, or deodorizing. These contain a large number of potentially harmful ingredients that can weaken your lung tissues if used too often. If you are sensitive to dairy products, avoid them because they can increase mucus formation. When you notice the beginning of a cough, get plenty of rest and apply mild heat on your chest and back before going to bed. Drink at least eight to 10 glasses of clear water every day and eat foods that are high in vitamin A, C, E and zinc. Foods that are high in these nutrients including eggs, chicken, pecans, citrus fruits, sunflower seeds, broccoli, sardines and avocados.

Tip #8

A chronic cough, wheezing, breathing difficulties and a tight chest have also been associated with the common smoker's cough. This is unfortunate as there are many environmental factors that can contribute to an infection and caused these types of symptoms.

Tip #9

In a business situation, you often see many people coming to work ill claiming it's all for the good of the company. While I'm certain they have the best of intentions, viral influenza (flu) can be spread through direct person-to-person contact or indirectly in the air and on hard surfaces. This means that if someone who's sick coughs and doesn't cover their mouth, they can put everyone at the workplace at risk for contracting the illness.

I hope that you've found these 9 tips useful as it's not always easy to find good, quality, information on how to treat bronchitis.

We searched high and low, but I'm sure you'll agree that the effort to find out more about bronchitis is always worth it!

About the Author:

Cure your bronchitis today using nine simple things. Learn the secret of
How to Treat Bronchitis
to stop your painful bronchitis for good!

Go now to:

Article Source: - How to Treat Bronchitis

4 Top Tips to Quit Smoking

As someone who was addicted to cigarettes for nearly 20 years and has only recently managed to quit smoking I know from first hand experience how hard to is to drop the cancer sticks. For those of you who is struggling with nicotine addiction it can be hard to find the best way to quit smoking so I’ve listed a few quit smoking tips that might give you the motivation you need to stub out the habit.

Tip 1: Decide to quit smoking on a specific day

Setting a date in the near future when you intend to quit smoking makes your task so much easier by making your plans more concrete and therefore less easy to break. Choose a day which isn’t too far off as you don’t want to lose motivation. Telling everyone you know the date you have set will also help you quit smoking for good as you won’t want to let them down.

Tip 2: Live a healthier lifestyle

Smoking cigarettes becomes part of a lifestyle which usually doesn’t have many healthy aspects. Make the effort to improve my physical condition by eating a healthier diet and exercising will cause you to become less interested in smoking. Start off with something simple like taking a long walk each day and have a salad for lunch and you really feel the benefits of your new nicotine free life.

Tip 3: Stay away from the situations which used to cause you to smoke

I used to have great trouble resisting cigarettes when I went to the pub so when I decided to quit smoking for good I stayed away from the pub for a couple of months. Not an easy decision to make by any means but the price paid was definitely worth it. I suggest that if you want to quit you try staying away from pubs and other social situations where you can quit thinking about cigarettes until you feel like you are truly a non-smoker. If you usually take cigarette breaks at work find something else to do for a few minutes to take your mind of cigarettes.

Tip 4: If you are really struggling use an electronic cigarette to satisfy your cravings

I used an electronic cigarette when quitting smoking and it definitely did me a lot of good. Electronic cigarettes allow you to quit smoking tobacco immediately without worrying about the consequences of nicotine withdrawal, thus removing the dread you might feel when considering a life without cigarettes. Not everyone loves electronic cigarettes but they are definitely worth a shot if you are desperate to give up.


About the Author:

Author talks about Electronic Cigarette a revolutionary alternative way to real cigarette. Quit Smoking with Electronic Cigarette. Buy online electronic cigarette at

Article Source: - 4 Top Tips to Quit Smoking

Panic Attack Medications – Will They Help or Hurt?

One of the most common ways to treat panic attack is by using panic attack medications. Of course, using drugs is not an ultimate cure as they don't address the root cause. Drugs, however, can provide quick relief of symptoms. The best way to treat panic attack is, therefore, using combination of drugs and alternative methods such as therapy, relaxation and meditation.

In fact, there are many people who managed to overcome panic attack without resorting to any medication. Sadly though, many people still have the idea of relying on drugs for solving their problems. The downside of using medication is that it can create dependency. This, in turn, will create another problem in itself - how to journey out from drug dependency before it destroys your health.

Apart from drug addiction, panic attack medications can also trigger many kinds of side effects like slower reflexes, light headedness, lack of energy, nausea, dizziness, upset stomach, blurry vision, disorientation, memory loss, confusion, impaired judgment, reduced brain activity, slurred speech and depression.

Relying on drugs or medications can also bring about various paradoxical effects which include irritability and anxiety disorder at the less serious levels, and mania, aggression and hallucination at the more serious levels. If you have to use panic attack medications, we strongly advise you to use them under a supervision from a professional (a doctor or psychiatrist).

However, despite all the negative side effects mentioned, panic attack medications do have the benefit of helping many people to reduce panic attack and anxiety disorder symptoms fast.

If you take medications, it's very important to understand that medications only mask the symptoms, they don't address the root cause of the problem. Therefore, using panic attack medications in combination with therapy and counseling from a trained professional, can help a great deal in coping with the deeper issues and eliminating the root cause.

In fact, there are many natural ways to treat panic attack and behavioral dysfunction without resorting to drugs. For example, behavioral therapies as well as cognitive approaches are among the best alternative treatments. Group and individual therapies are also very good options.

Last but not least, despite all these medications and natural treatments, the patient must also plays his/her part. If the person doesn't have a strong determination to find out and understand what triggers the panic attack, all these treatments may become useless.

About the Author:

Check out this guide how to cure panic attack without resorting to drugs. You can also visit our site and download a free report on how to stop anxiety and panic attack.

Article Source: - Panic Attack Medications – Will They Help or Hurt?

Sodium and Potassium Imbalance Can Cause Hypertension

People develop hypertension or high-blood pressure for several reasons. It may be in the genes or due to a kidney disorder as well as stress related factors. The most common causes however are due to dietary intakes that result to excessive salt in our body. Excessive salt intakes will result to an imbalance between sodium and potassium that causes hypertension in our body.

Excessive salt is quite easy to understand, but as to how sodium and potassium imbalance causes hypertension seems a bit more complicated.

How Sodium and Potassium Imbalance Causes Hypertension

Sodium and potassium are two important electrolyte nutrients that the body uses for proper nerve functions, energy production, cell renewal, and many other bodily functions.

Salt, whose chemical composition is sodium chloride, is the main source of sodium. It is broken down as sodium and chloride during the body’s metabolic processes. Water that is not distilled also contains salt hence; water is also a source of sodium and chloride ions.

Our body cells are said to contain fluids composed of several minerals, which includes sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and chloride. As studies in science have already determined, there must be a proper balance between the sodium and potassium minerals contained in every cell, for the body cells to function properly.

Some of the important cell functions attributed to sodium and potassium balance are:

• The production of acid and digestive enzymes used to break down food to provide energy for the body;

• To enable the nerves to react in terms of impulse reactions to external factors such as heat, cold, or pain felt by the body;

• To enable the heart or cardiovascular system to function properly;

Any deficiency in sodium or potassium does not result to life threatening issues, but any serious distortion or disproportion with the amount of potassium as against sodium, creates complications often resulting to heart attacks.

Imbalance results not out of potassium or sodium deficiency but mostly due to excessive sodium. Potassium deficiency on the other hand may arise from unhealthy fad diets.

When there is too much sodium in the body fluids, the kidney takes on its natural role of excreting unused or unwanted substances like sodium. However, if the amount of sodium being excreted by the kidney is beyond the kidney’s normal capacity, the problem will now arise.

Near the kidney is a vascular system or fluid carrying vessels which carry the excessive sodium and will constrict or close itself to blood flow if the kidney is slow in taking out the sodium it carries. The vascular system closes in order to increase the blood pressure near the kidney, which creates a push or force that will prod the kidney to remove the excess sodium.

Although this is a natural process, it is not a normal occurrence and may cause blood pressure to rise at a dangerous level if it will not be addressed in due time. It can be remedied by increasing fluid intakes so the kidney can have enough water to excrete sodium. The sodium excretion may have been resolved but there is now the elevated blood pressure that needs to be dealt with.

The matter of controlling elevated blood pressure on the other hand can be remedied by using diuretic methods. The kidney took in a lot of water in order to excrete the sodium out of the system. To aid the kidney in producing more urine, a diuretic substance that can induce the kidney to produce more urine will be recommended by the doctor.

However, diuretics may also cause the kidney to excrete potassium, hence the doctor will also prescribe a potassium supplement to avoid the possible occurrence of sodium to potassium imbalance.

Thus, the body can naturally control blood pressure by drinking more water and taking in dietary substances that can promote the process of diuretics and take care of replenishing lost potassium. This then prevents sodium and potassium imbalance that can cause hypertension.

About the Author:

Alvin Hopkinson is a leading health researcher in the area of natural remedies and weight loss.

He had published many health articles online, is a platinum expert author in EzineArticles and writes for Health Central, which is a leading health authority website.

Some of his sites includes:

High Blood Pressure Treatment

Gout Relief

Fat Loss Diet

Article Source: - Sodium and Potassium Imbalance Can Cause Hypertension

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Understanding The Bacterial Vaginosis Cause

Researchers have had a hard time truly pinpointing the bacterial vaginosis cause. Currently, one thing they can all agree upon is that it has to do with an increase of bad bacteria inside the vagina. A vagina typically contains a healthy amount of microorganisms, the most common ones being Lactobacillus crispatus and Lactobacillus jensenii. The natural role of Lactobacillus is to prevent bad bacteria from over multiplying. When the bad bacteria over multiplies and disrupts the natural balance inside the vagina bacterial vaginosis occurs.

There are several factors that can lead to an increase of this occurring. They include but are not limited to having multiple sexual partners, vaginal douching, and smoking. Understanding the bacterial vaginosis cause is important so that BV can be prevented in the future. However, if you already have BV it is important to understand how to properly treat it.

Even though bacterial vaginosis is generally not considered life threatening, simply ignoring the symptoms without taking action to properly treat this condition can lead to further complications down the line.

It has been widely believed that a presence of bacterial vaginosis can lead to an increase in vulnerability to STD's as well as cause complications for pregnant women.

Antibiotics are a common method of treatment. Unfortunately, this method not only kills off the bad bacteria inside the vagina but also the good bacteria. This can usually cause further problems and a chance of having a recurrence of bacterial vaginosis all over again.

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Article Source: - Understanding The Bacterial Vaginosis Cause

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